The breadcrumbs component helps users to understand where they are within a website’s structure and move between levels.
New WCAG 2.2 criteria affects this component
To use ‘Breadcrumbs’ and meet the new Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.2 criteria, make sure that users can successfully:
See the full list of components and patterns affected by WCAG 2.2.
When to use this component
Use the breadcrumbs component when you need to help users understand and move between the multiple levels of a website.
When not to use this component
Do not use the breadcrumbs component on websites with a flat structure, or to show progress through a linear journey or transaction.
If you’re using other navigational elements on the page, such as a sidebar, consider whether your users need the additional support of breadcrumbs.
How it works
Always place breadcrumbs at the top of a page, before the
<main> element. Placing them here means that the ‘Skip to main content’ link allows the user to skip all navigation links, including breadcrumbs.
The breadcrumbs should start with your ‘home’ page and end with the parent section of the current page.
Collapsing breadcrumbs on mobile devices
If you have long breadcrumbs you can configure the component to only show the first and last items on mobile devices.
To do this, add a
govuk-breadcrumbs--collapse-on-mobile class to the outer
<div> element of the component HTML. Or if you’re using Nunjucks, add
collapseOnMobile: true to the Nunjucks macro as shown in this example.
Breadcrumbs on dark backgrounds
govuk-breadcrumbs--inverse modifier class to show white links and arrows on dark backgrounds – for example, in headers, custom components, and patterns with darker backgrounds.
Make sure all users can see the breadcrumbs – the background colour must have a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1 with white.
Help improve this component
To help make sure that this page is useful, relevant and up to date, you can:
- take part in the ‘Breadcrumbs’ discussion on GitHub and share your research
- propose a change – read more about how to propose changes in GitHub
Tell us if your service uses this component
Take part in our usage survey (opens in a new tab) to help us improve this component to better meet the needs of the services that use it.
If you’ve got a question about the GOV.UK Design System, contact the team.