Components

Breadcrumbs

The breadcrumbs component helps users to understand where they are within a website’s structure and move between levels.

<div class="govuk-breadcrumbs">
  <ol class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list">
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item">
      <a class="govuk-breadcrumbs__link" href="#">Home</a>
    </li>
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item">
      <a class="govuk-breadcrumbs__link" href="#">Passports, travel and living abroad</a>
    </li>
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item" aria-current="page">Travel abroad</li>
  </ol>
</div>
{% from "breadcrumbs/macro.njk" import govukBreadcrumbs %}

{{ govukBreadcrumbs({
  items: [
    {
      text: "Home",
      href: "#"
    },
    {
      text: "Passports, travel and living abroad",
      href: "#"
    },
    {
      text: "Travel abroad"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

When to use this component

Use the breadcrumbs component when you need to help users understand and move between the multiple levels of a website.

When not to use this component

Don’t use the breadcrumbs component on websites with a flat structure, or to show progress through a linear journey or transaction.

If you’re using other navigational elements on the page, such as a sidebar, consider whether your users need the additional support of breadcrumbs.

How it works

The breadcrumbs component should include the user’s current page, which should be visually different from the other links in the breadcrumb.

There are 2 ways to use the breadcrumbs component. You can use HTML or, if you are using Nunjucks or the GOV.UK Prototype Kit, you can use the Nunjucks macro.

<div class="govuk-breadcrumbs">
  <ol class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list">
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item">
      <a class="govuk-breadcrumbs__link" href="#">Home</a>
    </li>
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item">
      <a class="govuk-breadcrumbs__link" href="#">Passports, travel and living abroad</a>
    </li>
    <li class="govuk-breadcrumbs__list-item" aria-current="page">Travel abroad</li>
  </ol>
</div>
{% from "breadcrumbs/macro.njk" import govukBreadcrumbs %}

{{ govukBreadcrumbs({
  items: [
    {
      text: "Home",
      href: "#"
    },
    {
      text: "Passports, travel and living abroad",
      href: "#"
    },
    {
      text: "Travel abroad"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Research on this component

If you’ve used this component, get in touch to share your user research findings.

Get in touch

If you’ve got a question, idea or suggestion share it in #govuk-design-system on cross-government Slack (open in app) or email the Design System team on govuk-design-system-support@digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk

Discuss ‘Breadcrumbs’ on GitHub