Components

Radios

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset" aria-describedby="changed-name-hint">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        Have you changed your name?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <span id="changed-name-hint" class="govuk-hint">
      This includes changing your last name or spelling your name differently.
    </span>
    <div class="govuk-radios govuk-radios--inline">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="changed-name-1" name="changed-name" type="radio" value="yes">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="changed-name-1">
          Yes
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="changed-name-2" name="changed-name" type="radio" value="no">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="changed-name-2">
          No
        </label>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}

{{ govukRadios({
  classes: "govuk-radios--inline",
  idPrefix: "changed-name",
  name: "changed-name",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "Have you changed your name?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  hint: {
    text: "This includes changing your last name or spelling your name differently."
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "yes",
      text: "Yes"
    },
    {
      value: "no",
      text: "No"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

When to use this component

Use the radios component when users can only select one option from a list.

When not to use this component

Don’t use the radios component if users might need to select more than one option. In this case, you should use the checkboxes component instead.

How it works

Radios are grouped together in a <fieldset> with a <legend> that describes them, as shown in the examples on this page. This is usually a question, like ‘Where do you live?’.

If you are asking just one question per page as recommended, you can set the contents of the <legend> as the page heading. This is good practice as it means that users of screen readers will only hear the contents once.

Read more about why and how to set legends as headings.

There are 2 ways to use the radios component. You can use HTML or, if you are using Nunjucks or the GOV.UK Prototype Kit, you can use the Nunjucks macro.

Stacked radios

When there are more than 2 options, radios should be stacked, like so:

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        Where do you live?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <div class="govuk-radios">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-1" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="england">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-1">
          England
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-2" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="scotland">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-2">
          Scotland
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-3" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="wales">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-3">
          Wales
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-4" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="northern-ireland">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-4">
          Northern Ireland
        </label>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}

{{ govukRadios({
  idPrefix: "where-do-you-live",
  name: "where-do-you-live",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "Where do you live?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "england",
      text: "England"
    },
    {
      value: "scotland",
      text: "Scotland"
    },
    {
      value: "wales",
      text: "Wales"
    },
    {
      value: "northern-ireland",
      text: "Northern Ireland"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Inline radios

If there are only 2 options, you can either stack the radios or display them inline, like so:

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset" aria-describedby="changed-name-hint">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        Have you changed your name?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <span id="changed-name-hint" class="govuk-hint">
      This includes changing your last name or spelling your name differently.
    </span>
    <div class="govuk-radios govuk-radios--inline">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="changed-name-1" name="changed-name" type="radio" value="yes">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="changed-name-1">
          Yes
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="changed-name-2" name="changed-name" type="radio" value="no">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="changed-name-2">
          No
        </label>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}

{{ govukRadios({
  classes: "govuk-radios--inline",
  idPrefix: "changed-name",
  name: "changed-name",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "Have you changed your name?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  hint: {
    text: "This includes changing your last name or spelling your name differently."
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "yes",
      text: "Yes"
    },
    {
      value: "no",
      text: "No"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Radio items with hints

You can add hints to radio items to provide additional information about the options.

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset" aria-describedby="sign-in-hint">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        How do you want to sign in?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <span id="sign-in-hint" class="govuk-hint">
      You&#39;ll need an account to prove your identity and complete your Self Assessment.
    </span>
    <div class="govuk-radios">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="sign-in-1" name="sign-in" type="radio" value="government-gateway" aria-describedby="sign-in-1-item-hint">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label govuk-label--s" for="sign-in-1">
          Sign in with Government Gateway
        </label>
        <span id="sign-in-1-item-hint" class="govuk-hint govuk-radios__hint">
          You&#39;ll have a user ID if you&#39;ve registered for Self Assessment or filed a tax return online before.
        </span>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="sign-in-2" name="sign-in" type="radio" value="govuk-verify" aria-describedby="sign-in-2-item-hint">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label govuk-label--s" for="sign-in-2">
          Sign in with GOV.UK Verify
        </label>
        <span id="sign-in-2-item-hint" class="govuk-hint govuk-radios__hint">
          You&#39;ll have an account if you&#39;ve already proved your identity with either Barclays, CitizenSafe, Digidentity, Experian, Post Office, Royal Mail or SecureIdentity.
        </span>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}

{{ govukRadios({
  idPrefix: "sign-in",
  name: "sign-in",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "How do you want to sign in?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  hint: {
    text: "You'll need an account to prove your identity and complete your Self Assessment."
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "government-gateway",
      text: "Sign in with Government Gateway",
      label: {
        classes: "govuk-label--s"
      },
      hint: {
        text: "You'll have a user ID if you've registered for Self Assessment or filed a tax return online before."
      }
    },
    {
      value: "govuk-verify",
      text: "Sign in with GOV.UK Verify",
      label: {
        classes: "govuk-label--s"
      },
      hint: {
        text: "You'll have an account if you've already proved your identity with either Barclays, CitizenSafe, Digidentity, Experian, Post Office, Royal Mail or SecureIdentity."
      }
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Radio items with a text divider

If one or more of your radio options is different from the others, it can help users if you separate them using a text divider. The text is usually the word ‘or’.

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        Where do you live?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <div class="govuk-radios">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-1" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="england">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-1">
          England
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-2" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="scotland">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-2">
          Scotland
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-3" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="wales">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-3">
          Wales
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-4" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="northern-ireland">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-4">
          Northern Ireland
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__divider">or</div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="where-do-you-live-6" name="where-do-you-live" type="radio" value="abroad">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="where-do-you-live-6">
          I am a British citizen living abroad
        </label>
      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}

{{ govukRadios({
  idPrefix: "where-do-you-live",
  name: "where-do-you-live",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "Where do you live?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "england",
      text: "England"
    },
    {
      value: "scotland",
      text: "Scotland"
    },
    {
      value: "wales",
      text: "Wales"
    },
    {
      value: "northern-ireland",
      text: "Northern Ireland"
    },
    {
      divider: "or"
    },
    {
      value: "abroad",
      text: "I am a British citizen living abroad"
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Conditionally revealing content

You can add conditionally revealing content to radios, so users only see content when it’s relevant to them. For example, you could reveal an email address input only when a user chooses to be contacted by email.

<div class="govuk-form-group">
  <fieldset class="govuk-fieldset">
    <legend class="govuk-fieldset__legend govuk-fieldset__legend--xl">
      <h1 class="govuk-fieldset__heading">
        How do you want to be contacted?
      </h1>
    </legend>
    <div class="govuk-radios" data-module="radios">
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="how-contacted-conditional-1" name="how-contacted" type="radio" value="email" data-aria-controls="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-1">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="how-contacted-conditional-1">
          Email
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__conditional govuk-radios__conditional--hidden" id="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-1">
        <div class="govuk-form-group">
          <label class="govuk-label" for="contact-by-email">
            Email address
          </label>
          <input class="govuk-input govuk-!-width-one-third" id="contact-by-email" name="contact-by-email" type="email">
        </div>

      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="how-contacted-conditional-2" name="how-contacted" type="radio" value="phone" data-aria-controls="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-2">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="how-contacted-conditional-2">
          Phone
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__conditional govuk-radios__conditional--hidden" id="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-2">
        <div class="govuk-form-group">
          <label class="govuk-label" for="contact-by-phone">
            Phone number
          </label>
          <input class="govuk-input govuk-!-width-one-third" id="contact-by-phone" name="contact-by-phone" type="tel">
        </div>

      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__item">
        <input class="govuk-radios__input" id="how-contacted-conditional-3" name="how-contacted" type="radio" value="text" data-aria-controls="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-3">
        <label class="govuk-label govuk-radios__label" for="how-contacted-conditional-3">
          Text message
        </label>
      </div>
      <div class="govuk-radios__conditional govuk-radios__conditional--hidden" id="conditional-how-contacted-conditional-3">
        <div class="govuk-form-group">
          <label class="govuk-label" for="contact-by-text">
            Mobile phone number
          </label>
          <input class="govuk-input govuk-!-width-one-third" id="contact-by-text" name="contact-by-text" type="tel">
        </div>

      </div>
    </div>
  </fieldset>
</div>
{% from "radios/macro.njk" import govukRadios %}
{% from "input/macro.njk" import govukInput %}

{% set emailHtml %}
{{ govukInput({
  id: "contact-by-email",
  name: "contact-by-email",
  type: "email",
  classes: "govuk-!-width-one-third",
  label: {
    text: "Email address"
  }
}) }}
{% endset -%}

{% set phoneHtml %}
{{ govukInput({
  id: "contact-by-phone",
  name: "contact-by-phone",
  type: "tel",
  classes: "govuk-!-width-one-third",
  label: {
    text: "Phone number"
  }
}) }}
{% endset -%}

{% set textHtml %}
{{ govukInput({
  id: "contact-by-text",
  name: "contact-by-text",
  type: "tel",
  classes: "govuk-!-width-one-third",
  label: {
    text: "Mobile phone number"
  }
}) }}
{% endset -%}

{{ govukRadios({
  idPrefix: "how-contacted-conditional",
  name: "how-contacted",
  fieldset: {
    legend: {
      text: "How do you want to be contacted?",
      isPageHeading: true,
      classes: "govuk-fieldset__legend--xl"
    }
  },
  items: [
    {
      value: "email",
      text: "Email",
      conditional: {
        html: emailHtml
      }
    },
    {
      value: "phone",
      text: "Phone",
      conditional: {
        html: phoneHtml
      }
    },
    {
      value: "text",
      text: "Text message",
      conditional: {
        html: textHtml
      }
    }
  ]
}) }}

You can configure this component using the Nunjucks macro arguments.

Keep it simple - if you need to add a lot of content, consider showing it on the next page in the process instead.

Research on this component

Read a blog post about updates to the radios and checkboxes components.

Get in touch

If you’ve got a question, idea or suggestion share it in #govuk-design-system on cross-government Slack (open in app) or email the Design System team on govuk-design-system-support@digital.cabinet-office.gov.uk

Discuss ‘Radios’ on GitHub